author rgbecker
Fri, 14 May 2010 15:59:06 +0000
changeset 3375 baeae60700c7
parent 3333 5f8d60b7e5de
child 3377 8122289973f5
permissions -rw-r--r-- add CMYK color fading method & fix bug in scaling

#Copyright ReportLab Europe Ltd. 2000-2010
#see license.txt for license details
__version__=''' $Id$ '''
__doc__='''Defines standard colour-handling classes and colour names.

We define standard classes to hold colours in two models:  RGB and CMYK.
These can be constructed from several popular formats.  We also include

- pre-built colour objects for the HTML standard colours

- pre-built colours used in ReportLab's branding

- various conversion and construction functions
import math
from reportlab.lib.utils import fp_str

class Color:
    """This class is used to represent color.  Components red, green, blue
    are in the range 0 (dark) to 1 (full intensity)."""

    def __init__(self, red=0, green=0, blue=0, alpha=1):
        "Initialize with red, green, blue in range [0-1]." = red = green = blue
        self.alpha = alpha

    def __repr__(self):
        return "Color(%s)" % fp_str(*(,,,self.alpha)).replace(' ',',')

    def __hash__(self):
        return hash((,,, self.alpha))

    def __cmp__(self,other):
        '''simple comparison by component; cmyk != color ever
        >>> cmp(Color(0,0,0),None)
        >>> cmp(Color(0,0,0),black)
        >>> cmp(Color(0,0,0),CMYKColor(0,0,0,1)),Color(0,0,0).rgba()==CMYKColor(0,0,0,1).rgba()
        (-1, True)
        if isinstance(other,CMYKColor) or not isinstance(other,Color): return -1
            return cmp((,,, self.alpha),
                    (,,, other.alpha))
            return -1
        return 0

    def rgb(self):
        "Returns a three-tuple of components"
        return (,,

    def rgba(self):
        "Returns a four-tuple of components"
        return (,,, self.alpha)

    def bitmap_rgb(self):
        return tuple(map(lambda x: int(x*255)&255, self.rgb()))

    def bitmap_rgba(self):
        return tuple(map(lambda x: int(x*255)&255, self.rgba()))

    def hexval(self):
        return '0x%02x%02x%02x' % self.bitmap_rgb()

    def hexvala(self):
        return '0x%02x%02x%02x%02x' % self.bitmap_rgba()

    _cKwds='red green blue alpha'.split()
    def cKwds(self):
        for k in self._cKwds:
            yield k,getattr(self,k)

    def clone(self,**kwds):
        '''copy then change values in kwds'''
        D = dict([kv for kv in self.cKwds])
        return self.__class__(**D)

class CMYKColor(Color):
    """This represents colors using the CMYK (cyan, magenta, yellow, black)
    model commonly used in professional printing.  This is implemented
    as a derived class so that renderers which only know about RGB "see it"
    as an RGB color through its 'red','green' and 'blue' attributes, according
    to an approximate function.

    The RGB approximation is worked out when the object in constructed, so
    the color attributes should not be changed afterwards.

    Extra attributes may be attached to the class to support specific ink models,
    and renderers may look for these."""

    _scale = 1.0
    def __init__(self, cyan=0, magenta=0, yellow=0, black=0,
                spotName=None, density=1, knockout=None, alpha=1):
        Initialize with four colors in range [0-1]. the optional
        spotName, density & knockout may be of use to specific renderers.
        spotName is intended for use as an identifier to the renderer not client programs.
        density is used to modify the overall amount of ink.
        knockout is a renderer dependent option that determines whether the applied colour
        knocksout (removes) existing colour; None means use the global default.
        self.cyan = cyan
        self.magenta = magenta
        self.yellow = yellow = black
        self.spotName = spotName
        self.density = max(min(density,1),0)    # force into right range
        self.knockout = knockout
        self.alpha = alpha

        # now work out the RGB approximation. override,, = cmyk2rgb( (cyan, magenta, yellow, black) )

        if density<1:
            #density adjustment of rgb approximants, effectively mix with white
            r, g, b =,,
            r = density*(r-1)+1
            g = density*(g-1)+1
            b = density*(b-1)+1
  ,, = (r,g,b)

    def __repr__(self):
        return "%s(%s%s%s%s%s)" % (self.__class__.__name__,
            fp_str(self.cyan, self.magenta, self.yellow,' ',','),
            (self.spotName and (',spotName='+repr(self.spotName)) or ''),
            (self.density!=1 and (',density='+fp_str(self.density)) or ''),
            (self.knockout is not None and (',knockout=%d' % self.knockout) or ''),
            (self.alpha is not None and (',alpha=%d' % self.alpha) or ''),

    def fader(self,n, reverse=False):
        '''return n colors based on density fade'''
        dd = self._scale/(n-1)
        L = [self.clone(density=i*dd) for i in xrange(n)]
        if reverse: L.reverse()
        return L

    def __hash__(self):
        return hash( (self.cyan, self.magenta, self.yellow,, self.density, self.spotName, self.alpha) )

    def __cmp__(self,other):
        """obvious way to compare colours
        Comparing across the two color models is of limited use.
        >>> cmp(CMYKColor(0,0,0,1),None)
        >>> cmp(CMYKColor(0,0,0,1),_CMYK_black)
        >>> cmp(PCMYKColor(0,0,0,100),_CMYK_black)
        >>> cmp(CMYKColor(0,0,0,1),Color(0,0,1)),Color(0,0,0).rgba()==CMYKColor(0,0,0,1).rgba()
        (-1, True)
        if not isinstance(other, CMYKColor): return -1
            return cmp(
                (self.cyan, self.magenta, self.yellow,, self.density, self.alpha, self.spotName),
                (other.cyan, other.magenta, other.yellow,, other.density, other.alpha, other.spotName))
        except: # or just return 'not equal' if not a color
            return -1
        return 0

    def cmyk(self):
        "Returns a tuple of four color components - syntactic sugar"
        return (self.cyan, self.magenta, self.yellow,

    def cmyka(self):
        "Returns a tuple of five color components - syntactic sugar"
        return (self.cyan, self.magenta, self.yellow,, self.alpha)

    def _density_str(self):
        return fp_str(self.density)
    _cKwds='cyan magenta yellow black density alpha spotName knockout'.split()

class PCMYKColor(CMYKColor):
    '''100 based CMYKColor with density and a spotName; just like Rimas uses'''
    _scale = 100.
    def __init__(self,cyan,magenta,yellow,black,density=100,spotName=None,knockout=None,alpha=100):

    def __repr__(self):
        return "%s(%s%s%s%s%s)" % (self.__class__.__name__,
            fp_str(self.cyan*100, self.magenta*100, self.yellow*100,*100).replace(' ',','),
            (self.spotName and (',spotName='+repr(self.spotName)) or ''),
            (self.density!=1 and (',density='+fp_str(self.density*100)) or ''),
            (self.knockout is not None and (',knockout=%d' % self.knockout) or ''),
            (self.alpha is not None and (',alpha=%s' % (fp_str(self.alpha*100))) or ''),

    def cKwds(self):
        for k in self._cKwds:
            if k in S: v*=100
            yield k,v

class CMYKColorSep(CMYKColor):
    '''special case color for making separating pdfs'''
    _scale = 1.
    def __init__(self, cyan=0, magenta=0, yellow=0, black=0,
                spotName=None, density=1,alpha=1):
    _cKwds='cyan magenta yellow black density alpha spotName'.split()

class PCMYKColorSep(PCMYKColor,CMYKColorSep):
    '''special case color for making separating pdfs'''
    _scale = 100.
    def __init__(self, cyan=0, magenta=0, yellow=0, black=0,
                spotName=None, density=100, alpha=100):
    _cKwds='cyan magenta yellow black density alpha spotName'.split()

def cmyk2rgb(cmyk,density=1):
    "Convert from a CMYK color tuple to an RGB color tuple"
    c,m,y,k = cmyk
    # From the Adobe Postscript Ref. Manual 2nd ed.
    r = 1.0 - min(1.0, c + k)
    g = 1.0 - min(1.0, m + k)
    b = 1.0 - min(1.0, y + k)
    return (r,g,b)

def rgb2cmyk(r,g,b):
    '''one way to get cmyk from rgb'''
    c = 1 - r
    m = 1 - g
    y = 1 - b
    k = min(c,m,y)
    c = min(1,max(0,c-k))
    m = min(1,max(0,m-k))
    y = min(1,max(0,y-k))
    k = min(1,max(0,k))
    return (c,m,y,k)

def color2bw(colorRGB):
    "Transform an RGB color to a black and white equivalent."

    col = colorRGB
    r, g, b, a =,,, col.alpha
    n = (r + g + b) / 3.0
    bwColorRGB = Color(n, n, n, a)
    return bwColorRGB

def HexColor(val, htmlOnly=False, alpha=False):
    """This function converts a hex string, or an actual integer number,
    into the corresponding color.  E.g., in "#AABBCC" or 0xAABBCC,
    AA is the red, BB is the green, and CC is the blue (00-FF).

    An alpha value can also be given in the form #AABBCCDD or 0xAABBCCDD where
    DD is the alpha value.

    For completeness I assume that #aabbcc or 0xaabbcc are hex numbers
    otherwise a pure integer is converted as decimal rgb.  If htmlOnly is true,
    only the #aabbcc form is allowed.

    >>> HexColor('#ffffff')
    >>> HexColor('#FFFFFF')
    >>> HexColor('0xffffff')
    >>> HexColor('16777215')

    An '0x' or '#' prefix is required for hex (as opposed to decimal):

    >>> HexColor('ffffff')
    Traceback (most recent call last):
    ValueError: invalid literal for int() with base 10: 'ffffff'

    >>> HexColor('#FFFFFF', htmlOnly=True)
    >>> HexColor('0xffffff', htmlOnly=True)
    Traceback (most recent call last):
    ValueError: not a hex string
    >>> HexColor('16777215', htmlOnly=True)
    Traceback (most recent call last):
    ValueError: not a hex string

    """ #" for emacs

    if isinstance(val,basestring):
        b = 10
        if val[:1] == '#':
            val = val[1:]
            b = 16
            if len(val) == 8:
                alpha = True
            if htmlOnly:
                raise ValueError('not a hex string')
            if val[:2].lower() == '0x':
                b = 16
                val = val[2:]
                if len(val) == 8:
                    alpha = True
        val = int(val,b)
    if alpha:
        return Color((val>>24)&0xFF/255.0,((val>>16)&0xFF)/255.0,((val>>8)&0xFF)/255.0,(val&0xFF)/255.0)
    return Color(((val>>16)&0xFF)/255.0,((val>>8)&0xFF)/255.0,(val&0xFF)/255.0)

def linearlyInterpolatedColor(c0, c1, x0, x1, x):
    Linearly interpolates colors. Can handle RGB, CMYK and PCMYK
    colors - give ValueError if colours aren't the same.
    Doesn't currently handle 'Spot Color Interpolation'.

    if c0.__class__ != c1.__class__:
        raise ValueError, "Color classes must be the same for interpolation!"
    if x1<x0:
        x0,x1,c0,c1 = x1,x0,c1,c0 # normalized so x1>x0
    if x<x0-1e-8 or x>x1+1e-8: # fudge factor for numerical problems
        raise ValueError, "Can't interpolate: x=%f is not between %f and %f!" % (x,x0,x1)
    if x<=x0:
        return c0
    elif x>=x1:
        return c1

    cname = c0.__class__.__name__
    dx = float(x1-x0)
    x = x-x0

    if cname == 'Color': # RGB
        r =*( -
        g =*(
        b =*( -
        a = c0.alpha+x*(c1.alpha - c0.alpha)/dx
        return Color(r,g,b,alpha=a)
    elif cname == 'CMYKColor':
        c = c0.cyan+x*(c1.cyan - c0.cyan)/dx
        m = c0.magenta+x*(c1.magenta - c0.magenta)/dx
        y = c0.yellow+x*(c1.yellow - c0.yellow)/dx
        k =*( -
        d = c0.density+x*(c1.density - c0.density)/dx
        a = c0.alpha+x*(c1.alpha - c0.alpha)/dx
        return CMYKColor(c,m,y,k, density=d, alpha=a)
    elif cname == 'PCMYKColor':
        if cmykDistance(c0,c1)<1e-8:
            #colors same do density and preserve spotName if any
            assert c0.spotName == c1.spotName, "Identical cmyk, but different spotName"
            c = c0.cyan
            m = c0.magenta
            y = c0.yellow
            k =
            d = c0.density+x*(c1.density - c0.density)/dx
            return PCMYKColor(c*100,m*100,y*100,k*100, density=d*100,
                              spotName=c0.spotName, alpha=c0.alpha)
        elif cmykDistance(c0,_CMYK_white)<1e-8:
            #special c0 is white
            c = c1.cyan
            m = c1.magenta
            y = c1.yellow
            k =
            d = x*c1.density/dx
            return PCMYKColor(c*100,m*100,y*100,k*100, density=d*100,
                              spotName=c1.spotName, alpha=c1.alpha)
        elif cmykDistance(c1,_CMYK_white)<1e-8:
            #special c1 is white
            c = c0.cyan
            m = c0.magenta
            y = c0.yellow
            k =
            d = x*c0.density/dx
            d = c0.density*(1-x/dx)
            return PCMYKColor(c*100,m*100,y*100,k*100, density=d*100,
                              spotName=c0.spotName, alpha=c0.alpha)
            c = c0.cyan+x*(c1.cyan - c0.cyan)/dx
            m = c0.magenta+x*(c1.magenta - c0.magenta)/dx
            y = c0.yellow+x*(c1.yellow - c0.yellow)/dx
            k =*( -
            d = c0.density+x*(c1.density - c0.density)/dx
            a = c0.alpha+x*(c1.alpha - c0.alpha)/dx
            return PCMYKColor(c*100,m*100,y*100,k*100, density=d*100, alpha=a)
        raise ValueError, "Can't interpolate: Unknown color class %s!" % cname

def obj_R_G_B(c):
    '''attempt to convert an object to (red,green,blue)'''
    if isinstance(c,Color):
    elif isinstance(c,(tuple,list)):
        if len(c)==3:
            return tuple(c)
        elif len(c)==4:
            return toColor(c).rgb()
            raise ValueError('obj_R_G_B(%r) bad argument' % (c))

# special case -- indicates no drawing should be done
# this is a hangover from PIDDLE - suggest we ditch it since it is not used anywhere
transparent = Color(0,0,0,alpha=0)


# Special colors
ReportLabBlueOLD = HexColor(0x4e5688)
ReportLabBlue = HexColor(0x00337f)
ReportLabBluePCMYK = PCMYKColor(100,65,0,30,spotName='Pantone 288U')
ReportLabLightBlue = HexColor(0xb7b9d3)
ReportLabGreen = HexColor(0x336600)
ReportLabLightGreen = HexColor(0x339933)

# color constants -- mostly from HTML standard
aliceblue =     HexColor(0xF0F8FF)
antiquewhite =  HexColor(0xFAEBD7)
aqua =  HexColor(0x00FFFF)
aquamarine =    HexColor(0x7FFFD4)
azure =     HexColor(0xF0FFFF)
beige =     HexColor(0xF5F5DC)
bisque =    HexColor(0xFFE4C4)
black =     HexColor(0x000000)
blanchedalmond =    HexColor(0xFFEBCD)
blue =  HexColor(0x0000FF)
blueviolet =    HexColor(0x8A2BE2)
brown =     HexColor(0xA52A2A)
burlywood =     HexColor(0xDEB887)
cadetblue =     HexColor(0x5F9EA0)
chartreuse =    HexColor(0x7FFF00)
chocolate =     HexColor(0xD2691E)
coral =     HexColor(0xFF7F50)
cornflowerblue = cornflower =   HexColor(0x6495ED)
cornsilk =  HexColor(0xFFF8DC)
crimson =   HexColor(0xDC143C)
cyan =  HexColor(0x00FFFF)
darkblue =  HexColor(0x00008B)
darkcyan =  HexColor(0x008B8B)
darkgoldenrod =     HexColor(0xB8860B)
darkgray =  HexColor(0xA9A9A9)
darkgrey =  darkgray
darkgreen =     HexColor(0x006400)
darkkhaki =     HexColor(0xBDB76B)
darkmagenta =   HexColor(0x8B008B)
darkolivegreen =    HexColor(0x556B2F)
darkorange =    HexColor(0xFF8C00)
darkorchid =    HexColor(0x9932CC)
darkred =   HexColor(0x8B0000)
darksalmon =    HexColor(0xE9967A)
darkseagreen =  HexColor(0x8FBC8B)
darkslateblue =     HexColor(0x483D8B)
darkslategray =     HexColor(0x2F4F4F)
darkslategrey = darkslategray
darkturquoise =     HexColor(0x00CED1)
darkviolet =    HexColor(0x9400D3)
deeppink =  HexColor(0xFF1493)
deepskyblue =   HexColor(0x00BFFF)
dimgray =   HexColor(0x696969)
dimgrey = dimgray
dodgerblue =    HexColor(0x1E90FF)
firebrick =     HexColor(0xB22222)
floralwhite =   HexColor(0xFFFAF0)
forestgreen =   HexColor(0x228B22)
fuchsia =   HexColor(0xFF00FF)
gainsboro =     HexColor(0xDCDCDC)
ghostwhite =    HexColor(0xF8F8FF)
gold =  HexColor(0xFFD700)
goldenrod =     HexColor(0xDAA520)
gray =  HexColor(0x808080)
grey = gray
green =     HexColor(0x008000)
greenyellow =   HexColor(0xADFF2F)
honeydew =  HexColor(0xF0FFF0)
hotpink =   HexColor(0xFF69B4)
indianred =     HexColor(0xCD5C5C)
indigo =    HexColor(0x4B0082)
ivory =     HexColor(0xFFFFF0)
khaki =     HexColor(0xF0E68C)
lavender =  HexColor(0xE6E6FA)
lavenderblush =     HexColor(0xFFF0F5)
lawngreen =     HexColor(0x7CFC00)
lemonchiffon =  HexColor(0xFFFACD)
lightblue =     HexColor(0xADD8E6)
lightcoral =    HexColor(0xF08080)
lightcyan =     HexColor(0xE0FFFF)
lightgoldenrodyellow =  HexColor(0xFAFAD2)
lightgreen =    HexColor(0x90EE90)
lightgrey =     HexColor(0xD3D3D3)
lightpink =     HexColor(0xFFB6C1)
lightsalmon =   HexColor(0xFFA07A)
lightseagreen =     HexColor(0x20B2AA)
lightskyblue =  HexColor(0x87CEFA)
lightslategray =    HexColor(0x778899)
lightslategrey = lightslategray
lightsteelblue =    HexColor(0xB0C4DE)
lightyellow =   HexColor(0xFFFFE0)
lime =  HexColor(0x00FF00)
limegreen =     HexColor(0x32CD32)
linen =     HexColor(0xFAF0E6)
magenta =   HexColor(0xFF00FF)
maroon =    HexColor(0x800000)
mediumaquamarine =  HexColor(0x66CDAA)
mediumblue =    HexColor(0x0000CD)
mediumorchid =  HexColor(0xBA55D3)
mediumpurple =  HexColor(0x9370DB)
mediumseagreen =    HexColor(0x3CB371)
mediumslateblue =   HexColor(0x7B68EE)
mediumspringgreen =     HexColor(0x00FA9A)
mediumturquoise =   HexColor(0x48D1CC)
mediumvioletred =   HexColor(0xC71585)
midnightblue =  HexColor(0x191970)
mintcream =     HexColor(0xF5FFFA)
mistyrose =     HexColor(0xFFE4E1)
moccasin =  HexColor(0xFFE4B5)
navajowhite =   HexColor(0xFFDEAD)
navy =  HexColor(0x000080)
oldlace =   HexColor(0xFDF5E6)
olive =     HexColor(0x808000)
olivedrab =     HexColor(0x6B8E23)
orange =    HexColor(0xFFA500)
orangered =     HexColor(0xFF4500)
orchid =    HexColor(0xDA70D6)
palegoldenrod =     HexColor(0xEEE8AA)
palegreen =     HexColor(0x98FB98)
paleturquoise =     HexColor(0xAFEEEE)
palevioletred =     HexColor(0xDB7093)
papayawhip =    HexColor(0xFFEFD5)
peachpuff =     HexColor(0xFFDAB9)
peru =  HexColor(0xCD853F)
pink =  HexColor(0xFFC0CB)
plum =  HexColor(0xDDA0DD)
powderblue =    HexColor(0xB0E0E6)
purple =    HexColor(0x800080)
red =   HexColor(0xFF0000)
rosybrown =     HexColor(0xBC8F8F)
royalblue =     HexColor(0x4169E1)
saddlebrown =   HexColor(0x8B4513)
salmon =    HexColor(0xFA8072)
sandybrown =    HexColor(0xF4A460)
seagreen =  HexColor(0x2E8B57)
seashell =  HexColor(0xFFF5EE)
sienna =    HexColor(0xA0522D)
silver =    HexColor(0xC0C0C0)
skyblue =   HexColor(0x87CEEB)
slateblue =     HexColor(0x6A5ACD)
slategray =     HexColor(0x708090)
slategrey = slategray
snow =  HexColor(0xFFFAFA)
springgreen =   HexColor(0x00FF7F)
steelblue =     HexColor(0x4682B4)
tan =   HexColor(0xD2B48C)
teal =  HexColor(0x008080)
thistle =   HexColor(0xD8BFD8)
tomato =    HexColor(0xFF6347)
turquoise =     HexColor(0x40E0D0)
violet =    HexColor(0xEE82EE)
wheat =     HexColor(0xF5DEB3)
white =     HexColor(0xFFFFFF)
whitesmoke =    HexColor(0xF5F5F5)
yellow =    HexColor(0xFFFF00)
yellowgreen =   HexColor(0x9ACD32)


    #  Helper functions for dealing with colors.  These tell you
    #  which are predefined, so you can print color charts;
    #  and can give the nearest match to an arbitrary color object

def colorDistance(col1, col2):
    """Returns a number between 0 and root(3) stating how similar
    two colours are - distance in r,g,b, space.  Only used to find
    names for things."""
    return math.sqrt(
            ( -**2 +
            ( -**2 +
            ( -**2

def cmykDistance(col1, col2):
    """Returns a number between 0 and root(4) stating how similar
    two colours are - distance in r,g,b, space.  Only used to find
    names for things."""
    return math.sqrt(
            (col1.cyan - col2.cyan)**2 +
            (col1.magenta - col2.magenta)**2 +
            (col1.yellow - col2.yellow)**2 +
            ( -**2

_namedColors = None

def getAllNamedColors():
    #returns a dictionary of all the named ones in the module
    # uses a singleton for efficiency
    global _namedColors
    if _namedColors is not None: return _namedColors
    import colors
    _namedColors = {}
    for (name, value) in colors.__dict__.items():
        if isinstance(value, Color):
            _namedColors[name] = value

    return _namedColors

def describe(aColor,mode=0):
    '''finds nearest colour match to aColor.
    mode=0 print a string desription
    mode=1 return a string description
    mode=2 return (distance, colorName)
    namedColors = getAllNamedColors()
    closest = (10, None, None)  #big number, name, color
    for (name, color) in namedColors.items():
        distance = colorDistance(aColor, color)
        if distance < closest[0]:
            closest = (distance, name, color)
    if mode<=1:
        s = 'best match is %s, distance %0.4f' % (closest[1], closest[0])
        if mode==0: print s
        else: return s
    elif mode==2:
        return (closest[1], closest[0])
        raise ValueError, "Illegal value for mode "+str(mode)

def hue2rgb(m1, m2, h):
    if h<0: h += 1
    if h>1: h -= 1
    if h*6<1: return m1+(m2-m1)*h*6
    if h*2<1: return m2
    if h*3<2: return m1+(m2-m1)*(4-6*h)
    return m1

def hsl2rgb(h, s, l): 
    if l<=0.5:
        m2 = l*(s+1)
        m2 = l+s-l*s
    m1 = l*2-m2
    return hue2rgb(m1, m2, h+1./3),hue2rgb(m1, m2, h),hue2rgb(m1, m2, h-1./3)

class cssParse:
    def pcVal(self,v):
        v = v.strip()
            if not isinstance(c,(float,int)): raise ValueError
            raise ValueError('bad percentage argument value %r in css color %r' % (v,self.s))
        return c

    def rgbPcVal(self,v):
        return int(self.pcVal(v)*255+0.5)/255.

    def rgbVal(self,v):
        v = v.strip()
            if not isinstance(c,int): raise ValueError
            return int(min(255,max(0,c)))/255.
            raise ValueError('bad argument value %r in css color %r' % (v,self.s))

    def hueVal(self,v):
        v = v.strip()
            if not isinstance(c,(int,float)): raise ValueError
            return ((c%360+360)%360)/360.
            raise ValueError('bad hue argument value %r in css color %r' % (v,self.s))

    def alphaVal(self,v,c=1,n='alpha'):
            a = eval(v.strip())
            if not isinstance(a,(int,float)): raise ValueError
            return min(c,max(0,a))
            raise ValueError('bad %s argument value %r in css color %r' % (n,v,self.s))

    def __call__(self,s):
        s = s.strip()
        hsl = s.startswith('hsl')
        rgb = s.startswith('rgb')
        cmyk = s.startswith('cmyk')
        c = 1
        if hsl: n = 3
        if rgb: n = 3
        if cmyk:
            n = 4
            cmyk = s.startswith('pcmyk')
            if cmyk:
                n = 5
                c = 100
        if not (rgb or hsl or cmyk): return None
        self.s = s
        n = s[n:]
        ha = n.startswith('a')
        n = n[(ha and 1 or 0):].strip()
        if not n.startswith('(') or not n.endswith(')'):
            raise ValueError('improperly formatted css style color %r' % s)
        n = n[1:-1].split(',')  #strip parens and split on comma
        a = len(n)
        b = cmyk and 4 or 3
        if ha and a!=(b+1) or not ha and a!=b:
            raise ValueError('css color %r has wrong number of components' % s)
        if ha:
            n,a = n[:b],self.alphaVal(n[b],c)
            a = c

        if cmyk:
            C = self.alphaVal(n[0],c,'cyan')
            M = self.alphaVal(n[1],c,'magenta')
            Y = self.alphaVal(n[2],c,'yellow')
            K = self.alphaVal(n[3],c,'black')
            return (c>1 and PCMYKColor or CMYKColor)(C,M,Y,K,alpha=a)
            if hsl:
                R,G,B= hsl2rgb(self.hueVal(n[0]),self.pcVal(n[1]),self.pcVal(n[2]))
                R,G,B = map('%' in n[0] and self.rgbPcVal or self.rgbVal,n)

            return Color(R,G,B,a)


def toColor(arg,default=None):
    '''try to map an arbitrary arg to a color instance
    >>> toColor('rgb(128,0,0)')==toColor('rgb(50%,0%,0%)')
    >>> toColor('rgb(50%,0%,0%)')!=Color(0.5,0,0,1)
    >>> toColor('hsl(0,100%,50%)')==toColor('rgb(255,0,0)')
    >>> toColor('hsl(-120,100%,50%)')==toColor('rgb(0,0,255)')
    >>> toColor('hsl(120,100%,50%)')==toColor('rgb(0,255,0)')
    >>> toColor('rgba(255,0,0,0.5)')==Color(1,0,0,0.5)
    >>> toColor('cmyk(1,0,0,0)')==CMYKColor(1,0,0,0)
    >>> toColor('pcmyk(100,0,0,0)')==PCMYKColor(100,0,0,0)
    >>> toColor('cmyka(1,0,0,0,0.5)')==CMYKColor(1,0,0,0,alpha=0.5)
    >>> toColor('pcmyka(100,0,0,0,0.5)')==PCMYKColor(100,0,0,0,alpha=0.5)
    if isinstance(arg,Color): return arg
    if isinstance(arg,(tuple,list)):
        assert 3<=len(arg)<=4, 'Can only convert 3 and 4 sequences to color'
        assert 0<=min(arg) and max(arg)<=1
        return len(arg)==3 and Color(arg[0],arg[1],arg[2]) or CMYKColor(arg[0],arg[1],arg[2],arg[3])
    elif isinstance(arg,basestring):
        C = cssParse(arg)
        if C: return C
        C = getAllNamedColors()
        s = arg.lower()
        if s in C: return C[s]
            return toColor(eval(arg))

        return HexColor(arg)
        if default is None:
            raise ValueError('Invalid color value %r' % arg)
        return default

def toColorOrNone(arg,default=None):
    '''as above but allows None as a legal value'''
    if arg is None:
        return None
        return toColor(arg, default)

def setColors(**kw):
    UNDEF = []
    progress = 1
    assigned = {}
    while kw and progress:
        progress = 0
        for k, v in kw.items():
            if isinstance(v,(tuple,list)):
                c = map(lambda x,UNDEF=UNDEF: toColor(x,UNDEF),v)
                if isinstance(v,tuple): c = tuple(c)
                ok = UNDEF not in c
                c = toColor(v,UNDEF)
                ok = c is not UNDEF
            if ok:
                assigned[k] = c
                del kw[k]
                progress = 1

    if kw: raise ValueError("Can't convert\n%s" % str(kw))
    for k, c in assigned.items():
        globals()[k] = c
        if isinstance(c,Color): _namedColors[k] = c

def Whiter(c,f):
    '''given a color combine with white as c*f w*(1-f) 0<=f<=1'''
    c = toColor(c)
    if isinstance(c,PCMYKColor):
        w = _PCMYK_white
    elif isinstance(c,CMYKColor): w = _CMYK_white
    else: w = white
    return linearlyInterpolatedColor(w, c, 0, 1, f)

def Blacker(c,f):
    '''given a color combine with black as c*f+b*(1-f) 0<=f<=1'''
    c = toColor(c)
    if isinstance(c,PCMYKColor):
        b = _PCMYK_black
    elif isinstance(c,CMYKColor): b = _CMYK_black
    else: b = black
    return linearlyInterpolatedColor(b, c, 0, 1, f)

def fade(aSpotColor, percentages):
    """Waters down spot colors and returns a list of new ones

    e.g fade(myColor, [100,80,60,40,20]) returns a list of five colors
    out = []
    for percent in percentages:
        frac = percent * 0.01   #assume they give us numbers from 0 to 100
        newCyan = frac * aSpotColor.cyan
        newMagenta = frac * aSpotColor.magenta
        newYellow = frac * aSpotColor.yellow
        newBlack = frac *
        newDensity = frac * aSpotColor.density
        newSpot = CMYKColor(    newCyan, newMagenta, newYellow, newBlack,
                            spotName = aSpotColor.spotName,
                            density = newDensity)
    return out

if __name__ == "__main__":
    import doctest