author rgbecker
Fri, 15 Dec 2000 16:59:02 +0000
changeset 550 1fcf530ec15b
parent 512 c12ae96634d5
child 551 21b8a2cb8c8b
permissions -rw-r--r--
Better error message

#copyright ReportLab Inc. 2000
#see license.txt for license details
#$Header: /tmp/reportlab/reportlab/platypus/,v 1.32 2000/12/15 16:59:02 rgbecker Exp $
__version__=''' $Id:,v 1.32 2000/12/15 16:59:02 rgbecker Exp $ '''
This module contains the core structure of platypus.

Platypus constructs documents.	Document styles are determined by DocumentTemplates.

Each DocumentTemplate contains one or more PageTemplates which defines the look of the
pages of the document.

Each PageTemplate has a procedure for drawing the "non-flowing" part of the page
(for example the header, footer, page number, fixed logo graphic, watermark, etcetera) and
a set of Frames which enclose the flowing part of the page (for example the paragraphs,
tables, or non-fixed diagrams of the text).

A document is built when a DocumentTemplate is fed a sequence of Flowables.
The action of the build consumes the flowables in order and places them onto
frames on pages as space allows.  When a frame runs out of space the next frame
of the page is used.  If no frame remains a new page is created.  A new page
can also be created if a page break is forced.

The special invisible flowable NextPageTemplate can be used to specify
the page template for the next page (which by default is the one being used
for the current frame).
from reportlab.platypus.flowables import *
from reportlab.platypus.paragraph import Paragraph
from reportlab.platypus.frames import Frame
from reportlab.lib.pagesizes import DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
import reportlab.lib.sequencer
from types import *
import sys

def _doNothing(canvas, doc):
	"Dummy callback for onPage"

class IndexingFlowable0(Flowable):
	"""Abstract interface definition for flowables which might
	hold references to other pages or themselves be targets
	of cross-references.  XRefStart, XRefDest, Table of Contents,
	Indexes etc."""
	def isIndexing(self):
		return 1

	def isSatisfied(self):
		return 1

	def notify(self, kind, stuff):
		"""This will be called by the framework wherever 'stuff' happens.
		'kind' will be a value that can be used to decide whether to
		pay attention or not."""

	def beforeBuild(self):
		"""Called by multiBuild before it starts; use this to clear
		old contents"""
	def afterBuild(self):
		"""Called after build ends but before isSatisfied"""

class ActionFlowable(Flowable):
	'''This Flowable is never drawn, it can be used for data driven controls
	   For example to change a page template (from one column to two, for example)
	   use NextPageTemplate which creates an ActionFlowable.
	def __init__(self,action=[]):
		if type(action) not in (ListType, TupleType):
			action = (action,)
		self.action = action

	def wrap(self, availWidth, availHeight):
		'''Should never be called.'''
		raise NotImplementedError

	def draw(self):
		'''Should never be called.'''
		raise NotImplementedError

	def apply(self,doc):
		This is called by the processing to allow the instance to
		implement its behaviour
		action = self.action[0]
		args = tuple(self.action[1:])
		arn = 'handle_'+action
			apply(getattr(doc,arn), args)
		except AttributeError, aerr:
			if aerr.args[0]==arn:
				raise NotImplementedError, "Can't handle ActionFlowable(%s)" % action
		except "bogus":
			t, v, None = sys.exc_info()
			raise t, "%s\n	 handle_%s args=%s"%(v,action,args)

	def __call__(self):
		return self

FrameBreak = ActionFlowable('frameEnd')
PageBegin = ActionFlowable('pageBegin')

class NextPageTemplate(ActionFlowable):
	"""When you get to the next page, use the template specified (change to two column, for example)  """
	def __init__(self,pt):

class PageTemplate:
	essentially a list of Frames and an onPage routine to call at the start
	of a page when this is selected. onPageEnd gets called at the end.
	derived classes can also implement beforeDrawPage and afterDrawPage if they want
	def __init__(self,id=None,frames=[],onPage=_doNothing, onPageEnd=_doNothing,
		if type(frames) not in (ListType,TupleType): frames = [frames]
		assert filter(lambda x: not isinstance(x,Frame), frames)==[], "frames argument error" = id
		self.frames = frames
		self.onPage = onPage
		self.onPageEnd = onPageEnd
		self.pagesize = pagesize

	def beforeDrawPage(self,canv,doc):
		"""Override this if you want additional functionality or prefer
		a class based page routine.  Called before any flowables for
		this page are processed."""

	def afterDrawPage(self, canv, doc):
		"""This is called after the last flowable for the page has
		been processed.  You might use this if the page header or
		footer needed knowledge of what flowables were drawn on
		this page."""
class BaseDocTemplate:
	First attempt at defining a document template class.

	The basic idea is simple.
	0)	The document has a list of data associated with it
		this data should derive from flowables. We'll have
		special classes like PageBreak, FrameBreak to do things
		like forcing a page end etc.

	1)	The document has one or more page templates.

	2)	Each page template has one or more frames.

	3)	The document class provides base methods for handling the
		story events and some reasonable methods for getting the
		story flowables into the frames.

	4)	The document instances can override the base handler routines.
	Most of the methods for this class are not called directly by the user,
	but in some advanced usages they may need to be overridden via subclassing.
	EXCEPTION: must be called for most reasonable uses
	since it builds a document using the page template.
	Each document template builds exactly one document into a file specified
	by the filename argument on initialization.

	Possible keyword arguments for the initialization:
	pageTemplates: A list of templates.  Must be nonempty.	Names
	  assigned to the templates are used for referring to them so no two used
	  templates should have the same name.	For example you might want one template
	  for a title page, one for a section first page, one for a first page of
	  a chapter and two more for the interior of a chapter on odd and even pages.
	  If this argument is omitted then at least one pageTemplate should be provided
	  using the addPageTemplates method before the document is built.
	showBoundary: if set draw a box around the frame boundaries.
	bottomMargin:  Margin sizes in points (default 1 inch)
	  These margins may be overridden by the pageTemplates.  They are primarily of interest
	  for the SimpleDocumentTemplate subclass.
	allowSplitting:  If set flowables (eg, paragraphs) may be split across frames or pages
	  (default: 1)
	title: Internal title for document (does not automatically display on any page)
	author: Internal author for document (does not automatically display on any page)
	_initArgs = {	'pagesize':DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE,
	_invalidInitArgs = ()

	def __init__(self, filename, **kw):
		"""create a document template bound to a filename (see class documentation for keyword arguments)"""
		self.filename = filename

		for k in self._initArgs.keys():
			if not kw.has_key(k):
				v = self._initArgs[k]
				if k in self._invalidInitArgs:
					raise ValueError, "Invalid argument %s" % k
				v = kw[k]

		p = self.pageTemplates
		self.pageTemplates = []

		# facility to assist multi-build and cross-referencing.
		# various hooks can put things into here - key is what
		# you want, value is a page number.  This can then be
		# passed to indexing flowables.
		self._pageRefs = {}
		self._indexingFlowables = []

	def _calc(self):
		self._rightMargin = self.pagesize[0] - self.rightMargin
		self._topMargin = self.pagesize[1] - self.topMargin
		self.width = self._rightMargin - self.leftMargin
		self.height = self._topMargin - self.bottomMargin

	def clean_hanging(self):
		'handle internal postponed actions'
		while len(self._hanging):

	def addPageTemplates(self,pageTemplates):
		'add one or a sequence of pageTemplates'
		if type(pageTemplates) not in (ListType,TupleType):
			pageTemplates = [pageTemplates]
		#this test below fails due to inconsistent imports!
		#assert filter(lambda x: not isinstance(x,PageTemplate), pageTemplates)==[], "pageTemplates argument error"
		for t in pageTemplates:
	def handle_documentBegin(self):
		'''implement actions at beginning of document'''
		self._hanging = [PageBegin]
		self.pageTemplate = self.pageTemplates[0] = 0

	def handle_pageBegin(self):
		'''Perform actions required at beginning of page.
		shouldn't normally be called directly''' = + 1
		if hasattr(self,'_nextFrameIndex'):
			del self._nextFrameIndex
		self.frame = self.pageTemplate.frames[0]

	def handle_pageEnd(self):
		''' show the current page
			check the next page template
			hang a page begin
		self.pageTemplate.afterDrawPage(self.canv, self)
		self.pageTemplate.onPageEnd(self.canv, self)
		if hasattr(self,'_nextPageTemplateIndex'):
			self.pageTemplate = self.pageTemplates[self._nextPageTemplateIndex]
			del self._nextPageTemplateIndex

	def handle_pageBreak(self):
		'''some might choose not to end all the frames'''
		if self._pageBreakQuick:
			n = len(self._hanging)
			while len(self._hanging)==n:

	def handle_frameBegin(self,*args):
		'''What to do at the beginning of a page'''
		if self.showBoundary or self.frame.showBoundary:

	def handle_frameEnd(self):
		''' Handles the semantics of the end of a frame. This includes the selection of
			the next frame or if this is the last frame then invoke pageEnd.
		if hasattr(self,'_nextFrameIndex'):
			frame = self.pageTemplate.frames[self._nextFrameIndex]
			del self._nextFrameIndex
		elif hasattr(self.frame,'lastFrame') or self.frame is self.pageTemplate.frames[-1]:
			self.frame = None
			f = self.frame
			self.frame = self.pageTemplate.frames[self.pageTemplate.frames.index(f) + 1]

	def handle_nextPageTemplate(self,pt):
		'''On endPage chenge to the page template with name or index pt'''
		if type(pt) is StringType:
			for t in self.pageTemplates:
				if == pt:
					self._nextPageTemplateIndex = self.pageTemplates.index(t)
			raise ValueError, "can't find template('%s')"%pt
		elif type(pt) is IntType:
			self._nextPageTemplateIndex = pt
			raise TypeError, "argument pt should be string or integer"

	def handle_nextFrame(self,fx):
		'''On endFrame chenge to the frame with name or index fx'''
		if type(fx) is StringType:
			for f in self.pageTemplate.frames:
				if == fx:
					self._nextFrameIndex = self.pageTemplate.frames.index(f)
			raise ValueError, "can't find frame('%s')"%fx
		elif type(fx) is IntType:
			self._nextFrameIndex = fx
			raise TypeError, "argument fx should be string or integer"

	def handle_currentFrame(self,fx):
		'''chenge to the frame with name or index fx'''
		if type(fx) is StringType:
			for f in self.pageTemplate.frames:
				if == fx:
					self._nextFrameIndex = self.pageTemplate.frames.index(f)
			raise ValueError, "can't find frame('%s')"%fx
		elif type(fx) is IntType:
			self._nextFrameIndex = fx
			raise TypeError, "argument fx should be string or integer"

	def handle_flowable(self,flowables):
		'''try to handle one flowable from the front of list flowables.'''
		#allow document a chance to look at, modify or ignore
		#the object(s) about to be processed
		f = flowables[0]
		del flowables[0]
		if f is None:

		if isinstance(f,PageBreak):
		elif isinstance(f,ActionFlowable):
			#general case we have to do something
			if self.frame.add(f, self.canv, trySplit=self.allowSplitting):
				if self.allowSplitting:
					# see if this is a splittable thing
					S = self.frame.split(f,self.canv)
					n = len(S)
					n = 0

				if n:
					if self.frame.add(S[0], self.canv, trySplit=0):
						if hasattr(f, 'getPlainText'):
							print 'Offending Paragraph:'
							print f.getPlainText()
						raise "LayoutError", "splitting error type=%s" % type(f)
					del S[0]
					for f in xrange(n-1):
						flowables.insert(f,S[f])	# put split flowables back on the list
					# this must be cleared when they are finally drawn!
					if hasattr(f,'postponed'):
						message = "Flowable %s too large on page %d" % (f,
						#show us, it might be handy
						#HACK = it seems within tables we sometimes
						#get an empty paragraph that won't fit and this
						#causes it to fall over.  FIXME FIXME FIXME
						if hasattr(f, 'getPlainText'):
							print 'Offending Paragraph:'
							print f.getPlainText()
						raise "LayoutError", message
					f.postponed = 1
					flowables.insert(0,f)			# put the flowable back

	#these are provided so that deriving classes can refer to them
	_handle_documentBegin = handle_documentBegin
	_handle_pageBegin = handle_pageBegin
	_handle_pageEnd = handle_pageEnd
	_handle_frameBegin = handle_frameBegin
	_handle_frameEnd = handle_frameEnd
	_handle_flowable = handle_flowable
	_handle_nextPageTemplate = handle_nextPageTemplate
	_handle_currentFrame = handle_currentFrame
	_handle_nextFrame = handle_nextFrame

	def _startBuild(self, filename=None, canvasmaker=canvas.Canvas):
		self.canv = canvasmaker(filename or self.filename,pagesize=self.pagesize)

	def _endBuild(self):
		if self._hanging!=[] and self._hanging[-1] is PageBegin:
			del self._hanging[-1]
		#AR - hack - for some reason a document did not
		#have these:
		#if hasattr(self, 'frame'): del self.frame
		#if hasattr(self, 'pageTemplate'): del self.pageTemplate
		#del self.frame, self.pageTemplate

	def build(self, flowables, filename=None, canvasmaker=canvas.Canvas):
		"""Build the document from a list of flowables.
		   If the filename argument is provided then that filename is used
		   rather than the one provided upon initialization.
		   If the canvasmaker argument is provided then it will be used
		   instead of the default.	For example a slideshow might use
		   an alternate canvas which places 6 slides on a page (by
		   doing translations, scalings and redefining the page break
		#assert filter(lambda x: not isinstance(x,Flowable), flowables)==[], "flowables argument error"

		while len(flowables):


	def _allSatisfied0(self):
		"""Called by multi-build - are all cross-references resolved?"""
		allHappy = 1
		for f in self._indexingFlowables:
			if not f.isSatisfied():
				allHappy = 0
		return allHappy    

	def notify0(self, kind, stuff):
		""""Forward to any listeners"""
		for l in self._indexingFlowables:
			l.notify(kind, stuff)
	def pageRef0(self, label):
		"""hook to register a page number"""
		print "pageRef called with label '%s' on page %d" % (
		self._pageRefs[label] =
	def multiBuild0(self, story,
				   maxPasses = 10):
		"""Makes multiple passes until all indexing flowables
		are happy."""
		self._indexingFlowables = []
		#scan the story and keep a copy
		for thing in story:
			if thing.isIndexing():
		#print 'scanned story, found these indexing flowables:\n'
		#print self._indexingFlowables

		passes = 0
		while 1:
			passes = passes + 1
			print 'building pass '+str(passes) + '...',

			for fl in self._indexingFlowables:

			# work with a copy of the story, since it is consumed
			tempStory = story[:], filename, canvasmaker)

			#clean up so multi-build does not go wrong - the frame
			#packer might have tacked an attribute onto some
			for elem in story:
				if hasattr(elem, 'postponed'):
					del elem.postponed

			for fl in self._indexingFlowables:

			happy = self._allSatisfied0()

			if happy:
				print 'OK'
				print 'failed'
			if passes > maxPasses:
				raise IndexError, "Index entries not resolved after %d passes" % maxPasses
		print 'saved', filename

	#these are pure virtuals override in derived classes
	#NB these get called at suitable places by the base class
	#so if you derive and override the handle_xxx methods
	#it's up to you to ensure that they maintain the needed consistency
	def afterInit(self):
		"""This is called after initialisation of the base class."""

	def beforeDocument(self):
		"""This is called before any processing is
		done on the document."""

	def beforePage(self):
		"""This is called at the beginning of page
		processing, and immediately before the
		beforeDrawPage method of the current page

	def afterPage(self):
		"""This is called after page processing, and
		immediately after the afterDrawPage method
		of the current page template."""

	def filterFlowables(self,flowables):
		'''called to filter flowables at the start of the main handle_flowable method.
		Upon return if flowables[0] has been set to None it is discarded and the main
		method returns.

	def afterFlowable(self, flowable):
		'''called after a flowable has been rendered'''

class SimpleDocTemplate(BaseDocTemplate):
	"""A special case document template that will handle many simple documents.
	   See documentation for BaseDocTemplate.  No pageTemplates are required 
	   for this special case.	A page templates are inferred from the
	   margin information and the onFirstPage, onLaterPages arguments to the build method.
	   A document which has all pages with the same look except for the first
	   page may can be built using this special approach.
	_invalidInitArgs = ('pageTemplates',)
	def handle_pageBegin(self):
		'''override base method to add a change of page template after the firstpage.

	def build(self,flowables,onFirstPage=_doNothing, onLaterPages=_doNothing):
		"""build the document using the flowables.	Annotate the first page using the onFirstPage
			   function and later pages using the onLaterPages function.  The onXXX pages should follow
			   the signature
				  def myOnFirstPage(canvas, document):
					  # do annotations and modify the document
			   The functions can do things like draw logos, page numbers,
			   footers, etcetera. They can use external variables to vary
			   the look (for example providing page numbering or section names).
		self._calc()	#in case we changed margins sizes etc
		frameT = Frame(self.leftMargin, self.bottomMargin, self.width, self.height, id='normal')
		self.addPageTemplates([PageTemplate(id='First',frames=frameT, onPage=onFirstPage),
						PageTemplate(id='Later',frames=frameT, onPage=onLaterPages)])
		if onFirstPage is _doNothing and hasattr(self,'onFirstPage'):
			self.pageTemplates[0].beforeDrawPage = self.onFirstPage
		if onLaterPages is _doNothing and hasattr(self,'onLaterPages'):
			self.pageTemplates[1].beforeDrawPage = self.onLaterPages,flowables)

	##	 testing

def randomText():
	#this may or may not be appropriate in your company
	from random import randint, choice

	RANDOMWORDS = ['strategic','direction','proactive',
	'venture capital','IPO']

	sentences = 5
	output = ""
	for sentenceno in range(randint(1,5)):
		output = output + 'Blah'
		for wordno in range(randint(10,25)):
			if randint(0,4)==0:
				word = choice(RANDOMWORDS)
				word = 'blah'
			output = output + ' ' +word
		output = output+'.'
	return output

if __name__ == '__main__':

	def myFirstPage(canvas, doc):
		canvas.drawString(108, PAGE_HEIGHT-108, "TABLE OF CONTENTS DEMO")
		canvas.drawString(4 * inch, 0.75 * inch, "First Page")

	def myLaterPages(canvas, doc):
		canvas.drawString(4 * inch, 0.75 * inch, "Page %d" %

	def run():
		objects_to_draw = []
		from reportlab.lib.styles import ParagraphStyle
		#from paragraph import Paragraph
		from doctemplate import SimpleDocTemplate

		#need a style
		normal = ParagraphStyle('normal')
		normal.firstLineIndent = 18
		normal.spaceBefore = 6
		import random
		for i in range(15):
			height = 0.5 + (2*random.random())
			box = XBox(6 * inch, height * inch, 'Box Number %d' % i)
			para = Paragraph(randomText(), normal)