author rgbecker
Mon, 01 Oct 2001 09:58:42 +0000
changeset 1268 158ffc339d38
parent 1160 2cb58079d830
child 1373 df3383c5f8bc
permissions -rw-r--r--
Fixed slight buglet in checkpagesize

#copyright ReportLab Inc. 2000
#see license.txt for license details
#$Header: /tmp/reportlab/reportlab/platypus/,v 1.57 2001/08/23 08:38:59 rgbecker Exp $
__version__=''' $Id:,v 1.57 2001/08/23 08:38:59 rgbecker Exp $ '''
from string import split, strip, join, whitespace, find
from operator import truth
from types import StringType, ListType
from reportlab.pdfbase.pdfmetrics import stringWidth
from reportlab.platypus.paraparser import ParaParser
from reportlab.platypus.flowables import Flowable
from reportlab.lib.colors import Color
from reportlab.lib.enums import TA_LEFT, TA_RIGHT, TA_CENTER, TA_JUSTIFY
from reportlab.lib.utils import _className
from copy import deepcopy
from reportlab.lib.abag import ABag

class ParaLines(ABag):
	class ParaLines contains the broken into lines representation of Paragraphs
		kind=0	Simple
		fontName, fontSize, textColor apply to whole Paragraph
		lines	[(extraSpace1,words1),....,(extraspaceN,wordsN)]

		kind==1 Complex
		lines	[FragLine1,...,FragLineN]

class FragLine(ABag):
	"""class FragLine contains a styled line (ie a line with more than one style)

	extraSpace	unused space for justification only
	wordCount	1+spaces in line for justification purposes
	words		[ParaFrags] style text lumps to be concatenated together
	fontSize	maximum fontSize seen on the line; not used at present,
				but could be used for line spacing.

#our one and only parser
# XXXXX if the parser has any internal state using only one is probably a BAD idea!

def _lineClean(L):
	return join(filter(truth,split(strip(L))))

def cleanBlockQuotedText(text,joiner=' '):
	"""This is an internal utility which takes triple-
	quoted text form within the document and returns
	(hopefully) the paragraph the user intended originally."""
	L=filter(truth,map(_lineClean, split(text, '\n')))
	return join(L, joiner)

def setXPos(tx,dx):
	if dx>1e-6 or dx<-1e-6:

def _leftDrawParaLine( tx, offset, extraspace, words, last=0):

def _centerDrawParaLine( tx, offset, extraspace, words, last=0):
	m = offset + 0.5 * extraspace

def _rightDrawParaLine( tx, offset, extraspace, words, last=0):
	m = offset + extraspace

def _justifyDrawParaLine( tx, offset, extraspace, words, last=0):
	text  = join(words)
	if last:
		#last one, left align
		nSpaces = len(words)-1
		if nSpaces:
			tx.setWordSpace(extraspace / float(nSpaces))

def _putFragLine(tx,words):
	for f in words:
		if hasattr(f,'cbDefn'):
			func = getattr(tx._canvas,,None)
			if not func:
				raise AttributeError, "Missing %s callback attribute '%s'" % (f.cbDefn.kind,
			if f is words[-1]: tx._textOut('',1)
			if (tx._fontname,tx._fontsize)!=(f.fontName,f.fontSize):
				tx._setFont(f.fontName, f.fontSize)
			if tx.XtraState.textColor!=f.textColor:
				tx.XtraState.textColor = f.textColor
			if tx.XtraState.rise!=f.rise:
			tx._textOut(f.text,f is words[-1])	# cheap textOut

def _leftDrawParaLineX( tx, offset, line, last=0):
	_putFragLine(tx, line.words)

def _centerDrawParaLineX( tx, offset, line, last=0):
	m = offset+0.5*line.extraSpace
	_putFragLine(tx, line.words)

def _rightDrawParaLineX( tx, offset, line, last=0):
	m = offset+line.extraSpace
	_putFragLine(tx, line.words)

def _justifyDrawParaLineX( tx, offset, line, last=0):
	if last:
		#last one, left align
		_putFragLine(tx, line.words)
		nSpaces = line.wordCount - 1
		if nSpaces:
			tx.setWordSpace(line.extraSpace / float(nSpaces))
			_putFragLine(tx, line.words)
			_putFragLine(tx, line.words)

def _sameFrag(f,g):
	'returns 1 if two ParaFrags map out the same'
	if hasattr(f,'cbDefn') or hasattr(g,'cbDefn'): return 0
	for a in ('fontName', 'fontSize', 'textColor', 'rise'):
		if getattr(f,a)!=getattr(g,a): return 0
	return 1

def _getFragWords(frags):
	''' given a Parafrag list return a list of fragwords
		[[size, (f00,w00), ..., (f0n,w0n)],....,[size, (fm0,wm0), ..., (f0n,wmn)]]
		each pair f,w represents a style and some string
		each sublist represents a word
	R = []
	W = []
	n = 0
	for f in frags:
		text = f.text
		#del f.text # we can't do this until we sort out splitting
					# of paragraphs
		if text!='':
			S = split(text)
			if S==[]: S = ['']
			if W!=[] and text[0] in whitespace:
				W = []
				n = 0

			for w in S[:-1]:
				n = n + stringWidth(w, f.fontName, f.fontSize)
				W = []
				n = 0

			w = S[-1]
			n = n + stringWidth(w, f.fontName, f.fontSize)
			if text[-1] in whitespace:
				W = []
				n = 0
		elif hasattr(f,'cbDefn'):

	if W!=[]:

	return R

def _split_blParaSimple(blPara,start,stop):
	f = blPara.clone()
	for a in ('lines', 'kind', 'text'):
		if hasattr(f,a): delattr(f,a)

	f.words = []
	for l in blPara.lines[start:stop]:
		for w in l[1]:
	return [f]

def _split_blParaHard(blPara,start,stop):
	f = []
	lines = blPara.lines[start:stop]
	for l in lines:
		for w in l.words:
		if l is not lines[-1]:
			i = len(f)-1
			while hasattr(f[i],'cbDefn'): i = i-1
			g = f[i]
			if g.text[-1]!=' ': g.text = g.text+' '
	return f

def _drawBullet(canvas, offset, cur_y, bulletText, style):
	'''draw a bullet text could be a simple string or a frag list'''
	tx2 = canvas.beginText(style.bulletIndent, cur_y)
	tx2.setFont(style.bulletFontName, style.bulletFontSize)
	tx2.setFillColor(hasattr(style,'bulletColor') and style.bulletColor or style.textColor)
	if type(bulletText) is StringType:
		for f in bulletText:
			tx2.setFont(f.fontName, f.fontSize)

	bulletEnd = tx2.getX()
	offset = max(offset, bulletEnd - style.leftIndent)
	return offset

def _handleBulletWidth(bulletText,style,maxWidths):
	'''work out bullet width and adjust maxWidths[0] if neccessary
	if bulletText <> None:
		if type(bulletText) is StringType:
			bulletWidth = stringWidth( bulletText, style.bulletFontName, style.bulletFontSize)
			#it's a list of fragments
			bulletWidth = 0
			for f in bulletText:
				bulletWidth = bulletWidth + stringWidth(f.text, f.fontName, f.fontSize)
		bulletRight = style.bulletIndent + bulletWidth
		indent = style.leftIndent+style.firstLineIndent
		if bulletRight > indent:
			#..then it overruns, and we have less space available on line 1
			maxWidths[0] = maxWidths[0] - (bulletRight - indent)

def	splitLines0(frags,widths):
	given a list of ParaFrags we return a list of ParaLines

	each ParaLine has
	1)	ExtraSpace
	2)	blankCount
	3)	[textDefns....]
		each text definition is a (ParaFrag, start, limit) triplet
	#initialise the algorithm
	lines	= []
	lineNum	= 0
	maxW	= widths[lineNum]
	i		= -1
	l		= len(frags)
	lim		= start = 0
	while 1:
		#find a non whitespace character
		while i<l:
			while start<lim and text[start]==' ': start=start+1
			if start==lim:
				i = i + 1
				if i==l: break
				start = 0
				f = frags[i]
				text = f.text
				lim	= len(text)
				break	# we found one

		if start==lim: break	#if we didn't find one we are done

		#start of a line
		g		= (None,None,None)
		line	= []
		cLen	= 0
		nSpaces	= 0
		while cLen<maxW:
			j = find(text,' ',start)
			if j<0: j==lim
			w = stringWidth(text[start:j],f.fontName,f.fontSize)
			cLen = cLen + w
			if cLen>maxW and line!=[]:
				cLen = cLen-w
				#this is the end of the line
				while g.text[lim]==' ':
					lim = lim - 1
					nSpaces = nSpaces-1
			if j<0: j = lim
			if g[0] is f: g[2] = j	#extend
				g = (f,start,j)
			if j==lim:

class Paragraph(Flowable):
	""" Paragraph(text, style, bulletText=None)
		text a string of stuff to go into the paragraph.
		style is a style definition as in reportlab.lib.styles.
		bulletText is an optional bullet defintion.

		This class is a flowable that can format a block of text
		into a paragraph with a given style.
		The paragraph Text can contain XML-like markup including the tags:
		<b> ... </b> - bold
		<i> ... </i> - italics
		<u> ... </u> - underline
		<super> ... </super> - superscript
		<sub> ... </sub> - subscript
		<font name=fontfamily/fontname color=colorname size=float>
		<onDraw name=callable label="a label">

		The whole may be surrounded by <para> </para> tags

		It will also be able to handle any MathML specified Greek characters.
	def __init__(self, text, style, bulletText = None, frags=None):
		self._setup(text, style, bulletText, frags, cleanBlockQuotedText)

	def __repr__(self):
		import string
		n = self.__class__.__name__
		L = [n+"("]
		keys = self.__dict__.keys()
		for k in keys:
			v = getattr(self, k)
			rk = repr(k)
			rv = repr(v)
			rk = "  "+string.replace(rk, "\n", "\n  ")
			rv = "    "+string.replace(rv, "\n", "\n    ")
		L.append(") #"+n)
		return string.join(L, "\n")		

	def _setup(self, text, style, bulletText, frags, cleaner):
		if frags is None:
			text = cleaner(text)
			style, frags, bulletTextFrags = _parser.parse(text,style)
			if frags is None:
				raise "xml parser error (%s) in paragraph beginning\n'%s'"\
					% (_parser.errors[0],text[:min(30,len(text))])
			if bulletTextFrags: bulletText = bulletTextFrags

		#AR hack
		self.text = text
		self.frags = frags = style
		self.bulletText = bulletText
		self.debug = 0	#turn this on to see a pretty one with all the margins etc.

	def wrap(self, availWidth, availHeight):
		# work out widths array for breaking
		self.width = availWidth
		leftIndent =
		first_line_width = availWidth - ( -
		later_widths = availWidth - leftIndent -
		self.blPara = self.breakLines([first_line_width, later_widths])
		self.height = len(self.blPara.lines) *
		return (self.width, self.height)

	def minWidth(self):
		'Attempt to determine a minimum sensible width'
		frags = self.frags
		nFrags= len(frags)
		if nFrags==1:
			f = frags[0]
			fS = f.fontSize
			fN = f.fontName
			words = hasattr(f,'text') and split(f.text, ' ') or f.words
			func = lambda w, fS=fS, fN=fN: stringWidth(w,fN,fS)
			words = _getFragWords(frags)
			func  = lambda x: x[0]
		return max(map(func,words))

	def _get_split_blParaFunc(self):
		return self.blPara.kind==0 and _split_blParaSimple or _split_blParaHard

	def split(self,availWidth, availHeight):
		if len(self.frags)<=0: return []

		#the split information is all inside self.blPara
		if not hasattr(self,'blPara'):
		blPara = self.blPara
		style =
		leading = style.leading
		lines = blPara.lines
		n = len(lines)
		s = int(availHeight/leading)
		if s<=1: return []
		if n<=s: return [self]
		func = self._get_split_blParaFunc()

		#this is a major hack
		P1.blPara = ParaLines(kind=1,lines=blPara.lines[0:s],aH=availHeight,aW=availWidth)
		P1._JustifyLast = 1
		if style.firstLineIndent != 0:
			style = deepcopy(style)
			style.firstLineIndent = 0
		return [P1,P2]

	def draw(self):
		#call another method for historical reasons.  Besides, I
		#suspect I will be playing with alternate drawing routines
		#so not doing it here makes it easier to switch.

	def breakLines(self, width):
		Returns a broken line structure. There are two cases
		A) For the simple case of a single formatting input fragment the output is
			A fragment specifier with
				kind = 0
				fontName, fontSize, leading, textColor
				lines=	A list of lines
						Each line has two items.
						1) unused width in points
						2) word list

		B) When there is more than one input formatting fragment the out put is
			A fragment specifier with
				kind = 1
				lines=	A list of fragments each having fields
							extraspace (needed for justified)
							words=word list
								each word is itself a fragment with
								various settings

		This structure can be used to easily draw paragraphs with the various alignments.
		You can supply either a single width or a list of widths; the latter will have its
		last item repeated until necessary. A 2-element list is useful when there is a
		different first line indent; a longer list could be created to facilitate custom wraps
		around irregular objects."""

		if type(width) <> ListType: maxWidths = [width]
		else: maxWidths = width
		lines = []
		lineno = 0
		style =
		fFontSize = float(style.fontSize)

		#for bullets, work out width and ensure we wrap the right amount onto line one

		maxWidth = maxWidths[lineno]

		self.height = 0
		frags = self.frags
		nFrags= len(frags)
		if nFrags==1:
			f = frags[0]
			fontSize = f.fontSize
			fontName = f.fontName
			words = hasattr(f,'text') and split(f.text, ' ') or f.words
			spaceWidth = stringWidth(' ', fontName, fontSize)
			cLine = []
			currentWidth = - spaceWidth   # hack to get around extra space for word 1
			for word in words:
				wordWidth = stringWidth(word, fontName, fontSize)
				newWidth = currentWidth + spaceWidth + wordWidth
				if newWidth<=maxWidth or len(cLine)==0:
					# fit one more on this line
					currentWidth = newWidth
					if currentWidth>self.width: self.width = currentWidth
					#end of line
					lines.append((maxWidth - currentWidth, cLine))
					cLine = [word]
					currentWidth = wordWidth
					lineno = lineno + 1
						maxWidth = maxWidths[lineno]
					except IndexError:
						maxWidth = maxWidths[-1]  # use the last one

			#deal with any leftovers on the final line
			if cLine!=[]:
				if currentWidth>self.width: self.width = currentWidth
				lines.append((maxWidth - currentWidth, cLine))

			return f.clone(kind=0, lines=lines)
		elif nFrags<=0:
			return ParaLines(kind=0, fontSize=style.fontSize, fontName=style.fontName,
							textColor=style.textColor, lines=[])
			if hasattr(self,'blPara'):
				#NB this is an utter hack that awaits the proper information
				#preserving splitting algorithm
				return self.blPara
			n = 0
			nSp = 0
			for w in _getFragWords(frags):
				spaceWidth = stringWidth(' ',w[-1][0].fontName, w[-1][0].fontSize)

				if n==0:
					currentWidth = -spaceWidth	 # hack to get around extra space for word 1
					words = []
					maxSize = 0

				wordWidth = w[0]
				f = w[1][0]
				if wordWidth>0:
					newWidth = currentWidth + spaceWidth + wordWidth
					newWidth = currentWidth
				if newWidth<=maxWidth or n==0:
					# fit one more on this line
					n = n + 1
					maxSize = max(maxSize,f.fontSize)
					nText = w[1][1]
					if words==[]:
						g = f.clone()
						words = [g]
						g.text = nText
					elif not _sameFrag(g,f):
						if currentWidth>0 and ((nText!='' and nText[0]!=' ') or hasattr(f,'cbDefn')):
							if hasattr(g,'cbDefn'):
								i = len(words)-1
								while hasattr(words[i],'cbDefn'): i = i-1
								words[i].text = words[i].text + ' '
								g.text = g.text + ' '
							nSp = nSp + 1
						g = f.clone()
						g.text = nText
						if nText!='' and nText[0]!=' ':
							g.text = g.text + ' ' + nText

					for i in w[2:]:
						g = i[0].clone()
						maxSize = max(maxSize,g.fontSize)
					currentWidth = newWidth
					if currentWidth>self.width: self.width = currentWidth
					#end of line
					lines.append(FragLine(extraSpace=(maxWidth - currentWidth),wordCount=n,
										words=words, fontSize=maxSize))

					#start new line
					lineno = lineno + 1
						maxWidth = maxWidths[lineno]
					except IndexError:
						maxWidth = maxWidths[-1]  # use the last one
					currentWidth = wordWidth
					n = 1
					maxSize = f.fontSize
					g = f.clone()
					words = [g]
					g.text = w[1][1]

					for i in w[2:]:
						g = i[0].clone()
						maxSize = max(maxSize,g.fontSize)

			#deal with any leftovers on the final line
			if words<>[]:
				if currentWidth>self.width: self.width = currentWidth
				lines.append(ParaLines(extraSpace=(maxWidth - currentWidth),wordCount=n,
									words=words, fontSize=maxSize))
			return ParaLines(kind=1, lines=lines)

		return lines

	def drawPara(self,debug=0):
		"""Draws a paragraph according to the given style.
		Returns the final y position at the bottom. Not safe for
		paragraphs without spaces e.g. Japanese; wrapping
		algorithm will go infinite."""

		#stash the key facts locally for speed
		canvas = self.canv
		style =
		blPara = self.blPara
		lines = blPara.lines

		#work out the origin for line 1
		cur_x = style.leftIndent

		#if has a background, draw it
		if style.backColor:
						self.width - style.rightIndent,

		if debug:
			# This boxes and shades stuff to show how the paragraph
			# uses its space.  Useful for self-documentation so
			# the debug code stays!
			# box the lot
			canvas.rect(0, 0, self.width, self.height)
			#left and right margins
			canvas.rect(0, 0, style.leftIndent, self.height)
			canvas.rect(self.width - style.rightIndent, 0, style.rightIndent, self.height)
			# shade above and below
			#self.drawLine(x + style.leftIndent, y, x + style.leftIndent, cur_y)

		nLines = len(lines)
		bulletText = self.bulletText
		if nLines > 0:
			#canvas.addLiteral('%% %s.drawPara' % _className(self))
			alignment = style.alignment
			offset = style.firstLineIndent
			lim = nLines-1
			noJustifyLast = not (hasattr(self,'_JustifyLast') and self._JustifyLast)

			if blPara.kind==0:
				if alignment == TA_LEFT:
					dpl = _leftDrawParaLine
				elif alignment == TA_CENTER:
					dpl = _centerDrawParaLine
				elif == TA_RIGHT:
					dpl = _rightDrawParaLine
				elif == TA_JUSTIFY:
					dpl = _justifyDrawParaLine
				f = blPara
				cur_y = self.height - f.fontSize
				if bulletText <> None:
					offset = _drawBullet(canvas,offset,cur_y,bulletText,style)

				#set up the font etc.
				canvas._code.append('%s %s %s rg' % (,,

				tx = canvas.beginText(cur_x, cur_y)

				#now the font for the rest of the paragraph
				tx.setFont(f.fontName, f.fontSize, style.leading)
				dpl( tx, offset, lines[0][0], lines[0][1], noJustifyLast and nLines==1)

				#now the middle of the paragraph, aligned with the left margin which is our origin.
				for i in range(1, nLines):
					dpl( tx, 0, lines[i][0], lines[i][1], noJustifyLast and i==lim)
				f = lines[0]
				cur_y = self.height - f.fontSize
				# default?
				dpl = _leftDrawParaLineX
				if bulletText <> None:
					offset = _drawBullet(canvas,offset,cur_y,bulletText,style)
				if alignment == TA_LEFT:
					dpl = _leftDrawParaLineX
				elif alignment == TA_CENTER:
					dpl = _centerDrawParaLineX
				elif == TA_RIGHT:
					dpl = _rightDrawParaLineX
				elif == TA_JUSTIFY:
					dpl = _justifyDrawParaLineX
					raise ValueError, "bad align %s" % repr(alignment)

				#set up the font etc.
				tx = canvas.beginText(cur_x, cur_y)
				#f = lines[0].words[0]
				#tx._setFont(f.fontName, f.fontSize)
				tx._fontname,tx._fontsize = None, None
				dpl( tx, offset, lines[0], noJustifyLast and nLines==1)

				#now the middle of the paragraph, aligned with the left margin which is our origin.
				for i in range(1, nLines):
					f = lines[i]
					dpl( tx, 0, f, noJustifyLast and i==lim)


	def getPlainText(self):
		"""Convenience function for templates which want access
		to the raw text, without XML tags. """
		plains = []
		for frag in self.frags:
		return join(plains, '')

	def getActualLineWidths0(self):
		"""Convenience function; tells you how wide each line
		actually is.  For justified styles, this will be
		the same as the wrap width; for others it might be
		useful for seeing if paragraphs will fit in spaces."""
		assert hasattr(self, 'width'), "Cannot call this method before wrap()"
		w = []
		for frag in self.blPara.lines:
			w.append(self.width - frag.extraSpace)
		return w

if __name__=='__main__':	#NORUNTESTS
	def dumpParagraphLines(P):
		print 'dumpParagraphLines(<Paragraph @ %d>)' % id(P)
		lines = P.blPara.lines
		n =len(lines)
		for l in range(n):
			line = lines[l]
			if hasattr(line,'words'):
				words = line.words
				words = line[1]
			nwords = len(words)
			print 'line%d: %d(%s)\n  ' % (l,nwords,str(getattr(line,'wordCount','Unknown'))),
			for w in range(nwords):
				print "%d:'%s'"%(w,getattr(words[w],'text',words[w])),

	def dumpParagraphFrags(P):
		print 'dumpParagraphFrags(<Paragraph @ %d>) minWidth() = %.2f' % (id(P), P.minWidth())
		frags = P.frags
		n =len(frags)
		for l in range(n):
			print "frag%d: '%s'" % (l, frags[l].text)
		l = 0
		cum = 0
		for W in _getFragWords(frags):
			cum = cum + W[0]
			print "fragword%d: cum=%3d size=%d" % (l, cum, W[0]),
			for w in W[1:]:
				print "'%s'" % w[1],
			l = l + 1

	from reportlab.lib.styles import getSampleStyleSheet, ParagraphStyle
	import sys
	TESTS = sys.argv[1:]
	if TESTS==[]: TESTS=['4']
	def flagged(i,TESTS=TESTS):
		return 'all' in TESTS or '*' in TESTS or str(i) in TESTS

	styleSheet = getSampleStyleSheet()
	B = styleSheet['BodyText']
	style = ParagraphStyle("discussiontext", parent=B)
	style.fontName= 'Helvetica'
	if flagged(1):
		text='''The <font name=courier color=green>CMYK</font> or subtractive method follows the way a printer
mixes three pigments (cyan, magenta, and yellow) to form colors.
Because mixing chemicals is more difficult than combining light there
is a fourth parameter for darkness.  For example a chemical
combination of the <font name=courier color=green>CMY</font> pigments generally never makes a perfect
black -- instead producing a muddy color -- so, to get black printers
don't use the <font name=courier color=green>CMY</font> pigments but use a direct black ink.  Because
<font name=courier color=green>CMYK</font> maps more directly to the way printer hardware works it may
be the case that &amp;| &amp; | colors specified in <font name=courier color=green>CMYK</font> will provide better fidelity
and better control when printed.
		aW, aH = 456.0, 42.8
		w,h = P.wrap(aW, aH)
		S = P.split(aW,aH)
		for s in S:
			aH = 500

	if flagged(2):
		P=Paragraph("""Price<super><font color="red">*</font></super>""", styleSheet['Normal'])
		w,h = P.wrap(24, 200)

	if flagged(3):
		text = """Dieses Kapitel bietet eine schnelle <b><font color=red>Programme :: starten</font></b>
<onDraw name=myIndex label="Programme :: starten">
<b><font color=red>Eingabeaufforderung :: (&gt;&gt;&gt;)</font></b>
<onDraw name=myIndex label="Eingabeaufforderung :: (&gt;&gt;&gt;)">
<b><font color=red>&gt;&gt;&gt; (Eingabeaufforderung)</font></b>
<onDraw name=myIndex label="&gt;&gt;&gt; (Eingabeaufforderung)">
Einf\374hrung in Python <b><font color=red>Python :: Einf\374hrung</font></b>
<onDraw name=myIndex label="Python :: Einf\374hrung">.
Das Ziel ist, die grundlegenden Eigenschaften von Python darzustellen, ohne
sich zu sehr in speziellen Regeln oder Details zu verstricken. Dazu behandelt
dieses Kapitel kurz die wesentlichen Konzepte wie Variablen, Ausdr\374cke,
Kontrollfluss, Funktionen sowie Ein- und Ausgabe. Es erhebt nicht den Anspruch,
umfassend zu sein."""
		P=Paragraph(text, styleSheet['Code'])
		w,h = P.wrap(6*72, 9.7*72)

	if flagged(4):
		text='''Die eingebaute Funktion <font name=Courier>range(i, j [, stride])</font><onDraw name=myIndex label="eingebaute Funktionen::range()"><onDraw name=myIndex label="range() (Funktion)"><onDraw name=myIndex label="Funktionen::range()"> erzeugt eine Liste von Ganzzahlen und f\374llt sie mit Werten <font name=Courier>k</font>, f\374r die gilt: <font name=Courier>i &lt;= k &lt; j</font>. Man kann auch eine optionale Schrittweite angeben. Die eingebaute Funktion <font name=Courier>xrange()</font><onDraw name=myIndex label="eingebaute Funktionen::xrange()"><onDraw name=myIndex label="xrange() (Funktion)"><onDraw name=myIndex label="Funktionen::xrange()"> erf\374llt einen \344hnlichen Zweck, gibt aber eine unver\344nderliche Sequenz vom Typ <font name=Courier>XRangeType</font><onDraw name=myIndex label="XRangeType"> zur\374ck. Anstatt alle Werte in der Liste abzuspeichern, berechnet diese Liste ihre Werte, wann immer sie angefordert werden. Das ist sehr viel speicherschonender, wenn mit sehr langen Listen von Ganzzahlen gearbeitet wird. <font name=Courier>XRangeType</font> kennt eine einzige Methode, <font name=Courier>s.tolist()</font><onDraw name=myIndex label="XRangeType::tolist() (Methode)"><onDraw name=myIndex label="s.tolist() (Methode)"><onDraw name=myIndex label="Methoden::s.tolist()">, die seine Werte in eine Liste umwandelt.'''
		aW = 420
		aH = 64.4
		P=Paragraph(text, B)
		w,h = P.wrap(aW,aH)
		print 'After initial wrap',w,h
		S = P.split(aW,aH)
		w0,h0 = S[0].wrap(aW,aH)
		print 'After split wrap',w0,h0

	if flagged(5):
		text = '<para> %s <![CDATA[</font></b>& %s < >]]></para>' % (chr(163),chr(163))
		P=Paragraph(text, styleSheet['Code'])
		w,h = P.wrap(6*72, 9.7*72)